For relaxing after a long day of duty hours chinese people invented several games. Most of them had an ancient history of over 1,000 years.

Chuiwan
In ancient China, Chuiwan was one of the ball games , which was widespread in the Song Dynasty (960–1279).
Linguily, “chui” means “hit” and “wan” means “ball” in Chinese terms.

Chinese Games

Chinese Games

Chuiwan is similar to golf. In a large plain field, players are divided into two groups, with two to ten people per group.  Each member got three opportunities to drop the ball into holes with a rod.
But only when three hits into the hole were achieved then the player win.

Cuju
Years back to the Warring States (475–221 BC), cuju was an old Chinese football game with a long history of over 2,000 years. The ball was composed of leather from outside and filled with rice bran internally.
For the purpose of fun and relaxation, cuju was used in the military to train soldiers.

Chinese Games

Chinese Games

The rules of the game were similar to football — about twelve people were grouped each, the use of hands was prohibited, only the feet and head could be used, and the ball should be goaled into the opponent net.

Board Games
Board Game like-GoBoard and Game-Go.
There were although several kinds of board games in ancient China.
However,most of the popular ones were Chinese chess(象棋, xiàngqí) and Go (围棋, wéiqí).
These strategy board games were for two players.

Chinese Games

Chinese Games

These games were played on a board whose width was nine line and length was ten lines, xiangqi had two colors: red and black. Each side had a general, advisors, elephants, horses, chariots, cannons, and soldiers. The main purpose was to capture the enemy’s general.

However,Go was complex. The standard board had a 19×19 grid with 361 crosses. Whoever fills a larger total area of the board than the opponent,will win.

Opera
This is Traditional Chinese opera (戏曲, xìqǔ) ,a combination of dancing, singing, and acting.
Its origin was from the Later Zhao Dynasty (319–351) and peaked in the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).

In old China, it was a purpose of entertainment for both men and women,the rich and the poor and the young and the old .  There were five total branches of traditional Chinese opera, including the Beijing Opera, Yueju, Huangmei Opera, Pingju, and Yu Opera individually.

Musical Instruments

Music played a very important role in people’s social lives not even inAncient China but globally.
So the traditional musical instruments were popular in ancient China, but was restricted to rich people as they had spare time to enjoy the music while the poor just had to work to make the both ends meet.

Chinese Games

Chinese Games

The guzheng was one of the most extensive musical instruments. It had 16–25 strings with movable bridges.
Guzheng was played with the right hand plucking the strings while the left hand pressed more or less to produce vibrations and variate pitch of music.

However other musical instruments were also known in Ancient China , such as the dizi, xiao, and yangqin.

Cricket Fighting

Cricket fighting, which was often took place in autumn, had origin in the Tang Dynasty (618–907) and was widespread in the Song Dynasty (960–1279).  The fight was arranged in a ceramic can. Spontaneously, their owners use a grass stalk to stimulate them to start the battle.

Chinese Games

Chinese Games

The battle would last for several minutes. However,for some stronger ones, it could last even longer.
To be a champion in that battle, the owner preferred to choose a strong cricket with a big headand legs, and good coloring. They feed them with a special diet to keep them in a formed shape suitable for best fight.

Kites

In Old China, kites were invented by a farmer in a village, in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770–221BC). Kites were originated for using to send messages in the military and it wasn’t until the Song Dynasty (960–1279) that they became revalent and people’s favourite activity.

Major materials used for making a kite were Paper or silk with bamboo being used to craft its skeleton.
During playing, one flyer stood downwind with the kite and the other flyer ran while holding the string.
To fly a kite successfully, most important factor was wind.

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